Birth Control and Breastfeeding

By LLLC Blog, 12 November, 2021

LAM Birth Control Method

Many new parents have questions about birth control and breastfeeding. Discussing the difference between non-hormonal and hormonal methods with your partner and health care provider is important!

Non-hormonal methods of contraception
These methods are compatible with breastfeeding but remember, no method is 100% effective against pregnancy regardless of whether you are breastfeeding or not.

  • Barrier methods (condom, diaphragm, cervical cap, sponge )
  • Non-hormonal IUD (coil)
  • Spermicides
  • LAM (Lactational Amenorrhea Method)* see below
  • Natural Family Planning

Hormonal methods of contraception
These methods may affect milk supply especially in the early months after birth. Contraceptive pill, including combination and progesterone only

  • Contraceptive implants, injections and patches
  • Hormonal IUD (coil)
  • Vaginal ring

*Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM)
The return to fertility is individual for each lactating parent. There is a possibility of getting pregnant while breastfeeding. Exclusive breastfeeding can occasionally be used as a reliable form of contraception in the first six months after birth, if you ALL three of these are true.
Your chances of becoming pregnant are less than 2%, which is the same effectiveness as condoms.
My baby less than six months old.
My periods have not returned (no spotting).
My baby is breastfeeding exclusively and without regularly receiving any other food or drink including water.